Bunion Surgery in NYC
What is a bunion?
A bunion develops when your metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint becomes inflamed. Your MTP joint links your big toe to the rest of your foot. When the MTP joint becomes inflamed, the swelling will cause the joint to protrude at the side of the affected foot. Bunions most commonly occur in the big toe, but a bunion may also affect your little toe. A bunion that occurs in the little toe is called a bunionette.
What causes a bunion?
A bunion typically occurs over time as your big toe is pushed in towards its nearby toes. Over time, as the pressure placed on the toe increases, the MTP joint becomes inflamed and starts to enlarge, causing the joint to protrude at the side of the affected foot. A bunion may occur as a result of:
- Wearing tight or narrow shoes
- Inheriting certain genetic foot defects
- Placing excess stress on your feet
- Having previous foot injuries
- Having certain medical conditions
What are the symptoms of a bunion?
At first, a bunion may be barely noticeable and may not have any accompanying symptoms. Over time, as the MTP joint continues to enlarge, the bunion and symptoms may become more apparent. Symptoms of a bunion may include:
- Area around the affected toe becomes swollen
- Area around the affected toe feels sore
- Corns or calluses developing near the affected toe
- Frequent or sporadic pain near the affected toe
Wearing appropriate footwear may help in the prevention of developing bunions. Speak with your doctor to learn more about available footwear options.
How are bunions diagnosed?
To diagnose and assess whether you have a bunion, your doctor may first perform a physical to carefully examine the affected foot. To help further evaluate the severity and potential causes of your bunion, your doctor may recommend that an X-ray be taken.
Can a bunion lead to complications if left untreated?
A bunion that is left untreated may result in additional conditions relating to the feet, such as:
How are bunions treated?
Typically, if you are not experiencing pain, you may not require treatment. However, if you are experiencing pain or are seeking symptom relief, conservative treatment options are available to help treat bunions without surgery. To help alleviate your symptoms, your doctor may recommend:
- Wearing wider shoes
- Using bunion splints
- Using bunion correctors
- Using shoe inserts
- Taping or placing bunion pads on the affected areas
- Certain pain medications
- Icing the affected area
If the above treatment options do not provide sufficient pain relief, your doctor may recommend a bunionectomy, which involves surgical removal of the bunion.
If you are experiencing symptoms of a bunion or would like to learn more about our available podiatric services and treatment, request an appointment with Dr. Isaacson today. With 80 years in practice, convenient locations in Manhattan and the Bronx, and experience across a range of podiatric specialties, our mission is to provide high-quality podiatric education, information, and care to patients in a convenient, comfortable setting. Call our Manhattan location 212.420.6002, our Bronx location 718.863.3338, or fill out the form on this page to schedule an appointment.